Wednesday, 29 November 2017

End of Year

This will be the last post for this year. I will start again early next year.
I will be spend some time trying to identify the hundreds of moth photos that I have not had time to look at.
Thank you to all the people who are kind enough to keep coming back to view this blog, and the few who have written to me, I hope it has given you some pleasure. I have certainly learnt a lot from all the research necessary to do an article.

Don.

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Heliocheilus eodora HELIOTHINAE NOCTUIDAE

Wing span about 30mm.
I originally had this identified as Heliocheilus tenuistria HELIOTHINAE NOCTUIDAE  but it seems to be incorrect now. The preferred name is Heliocheilus eodora.
Some synonyms:-
 Melicleptria eodora ,    
Heliothis eodora ,    
Canthylidia tenuistria.




 Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- HELIOTHINAE
Genus:- Heliocheilus
Species:- eodora










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Heterorta plutonis ACONTIINAE NOCTUIDAE 

The wingspan is about 15 mm.
Synonym:-  Micraeschus diacaustus .




 Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- ACONTIINAE
Genus:- Heterorta
Species:- plutonis







 
Although not listed as a synonym, the moth Enispa plutonis, in Moths of Australia, (Common P455 and Fig 47.12), appears to be the same moth and is likely that it has had a name change.
The larvae are interesting in that they live in spiders webs and eat the leftovers from the spiders along with other detritus. Apparently the spiders don't mind them and they are not affected by the sticky threads.



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Wednesday, 22 November 2017

 Helicoverpa assulta

 Helicoverpa assulta HELIOTHINAE NOCTUIDAE

The species can interbreed with Helicoverpa armigera to produce viable offspring.
The larval food plants are generally in the Solonaceae family.
This is not a common moth here but we do see them occasionally.






Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- HELIOTHINAE
Genus:- Helicoverpa
Species:- assulta











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Helicoverpa punctigera   HELIOTHINAE NOCTUIDAE

These moths are often called "Native Budworm'
Once again the larval food plant include the same species as the other Helicovapa moths and are also considered a pest on a large variety of commercial crops.


  Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:-  HELIOTHINAE
Genus:- Helicoverpa 
Species:- punctigera




Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:-  HELIOTHINAE
Genus:- Helicoverpa 
Species:- punctigera











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Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Eudesmeola lawsoni

Eudesmeola lawsoni ERIBINAE ERIBIDAE 

Was:- Eudesmeola lawsoni CATOCALINAE NOCTUIDAE
 The larval food plant is Scrub Wilga, Geijera salicifolia (Family RUTACEAE).
For those readers not familiar with the Wilga trees you can search for Wilga on http://toowoombaplants2008.blogspot.com.au
There are a couple of articles worth reading.
With a wingspan around 70 mm it is not a small moth.





Family:- ERIBIDAE
Sub Family:- ERIBINAE
Genus:- Eudesmeola
Species:- lawsoni






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Helicoverpa armigera HELIOTHINAE NOCTUIDAE

The most likely larval food plant here is the common milk thistle Sonchus oleraceus, ASTERACEAE. This thistle is an imported weed but is very common here. I don't know if there are any native plants that it prefers.  The moth is also a major pest on a large variety of vegetable food crops and some ornamental plants.





 Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- HELIOTHINAE
Genus:- Helicoverpa
Species:- armigera
















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Wednesday, 8 November 2017

 Esthlodora moths

Esthlodora variabilis HYPENINAE ERIBIDAE

Was:- Esthlodora variabilis HYPENINAE NOCTUIDAE
I did a blog on this moth on Saturday, 11 April 2015, but in the interest of keeping the two Esthlodora together I have included it this week.
Once again I was unable to find much information on either of them.




Family:- ERIBIDAE
Sub Family:- HYPENINAE
Genus:- Esthlodora
Species:- variabilis


They can roll their wings like some of the moths from Uraniidae









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Esthlodora versicolor HYPENINAE ERIBIDAE


 Was:- Esthlodora versicolor HYPENINAE NOCTUIDAE

 



Family:- ERIBIDAE
Sub Family:- HYPENINAE
Genus:- Esthlodora
Species:- versicolor 


















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Wednesday, 1 November 2017

Ectopatria horologa NOCTUINAE NOCTUIDAE

The larvae have been recorded feeding on Rhagodia parabolica which is one of the salt bush plants we have here. It is also likely that the larvae would eat some of the other salt bushes we have in this area.





Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:-  NOCTUINAE
Genus:- Ectopatria
Species:- horologa


This one is in pretty poor condition and is probably at the end of its life.








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Ectopatria Sp Poss horologa NOCTUINAE NOCTUIDAE

This moth is quite likely to be E. horologa. There are some differences in the markings, but that may  be just a natural variation.




Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:-  NOCTUINAE
Genus:- Ectopatria
Species:- Possibly horologa










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 Elusa semipecten NOCTUINAE NOCTUIDAE

I couldn't find much information on these moths.



Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- NOCTUINAE
Genus:- Elusa
Species:- semipecten 

Once again, this second moth is missing rather a lot of scales.










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Saturday, 28 October 2017

Dysgonia constricta ERIBINAE ERIBIDAE

Was:- Dysgonia constricta CATOCALINAE NOCTUIDAE
Larval food plant is Elaeocarpus obovatus, ELAEOCARPACEAE (Hard Quandong)
Although this is not a particularly common tree, we do have one here and there are a few in the area. I frequently see these moths when bush walking, so it is possible that there are other suitable food plants around.
This moth is referred to as Parallelia constricta in Moths of Australia (IFB Common), and  Bastilla constricta in A Guide to Australian Moths (Zborowski and Edwards)




Family:- ERIBIDAE
Sub Family:- ERIBINAE
Genus:- Dysgonia
Species:- constricta

 Here are a number of synonyms:-
    Ophiusa constricta Butler, 1874
    Parallelia constricta Butler, 1874
    Catocala albofasciata Scott, 1891
    Grammodes divaricata Lucas, 1892
    Parallelia divaricata Lucas, 1892
    Dysgonia divaricata Lucas, 1892
    Dysgonia albofasciata Scott, 1891








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Buzara latizona ERIBINAE ERIBIDAE


I did a blog entry on this moth on Thursday, 21 October 2015 under the name Dysgonia latizona CATOCALINAE NOCTUIDAE, however, I find that Buzara latizona ERIBINAE ERIBIDAE seems to be the preferred name now.
Was:- Dysgonia latizona CATOCALINAE NOCTUIDAE

The larval food plant is PHYLLANTHACEAE species probably Breynia longifolia, PHYLLANTHACEAE (Willgar).
PHYLLANTHACEAE species is also one of the larval food plant of the Achaea janata moths (Blog, Wednesday, 21 June 2017), and Grammodes ocellata CATOCALINAE NOCTUIDAE (Blog, Wednesday, 1 July 2015).



Family:- ERIBIDAE
Sub Family:- ERIBINAE
Genus:- Buzara
Species:- latizona






Some synonyms:-
    Ophiusa latizona Butler, 1874
    Parallelia latizona Butler, 1874
    Leucanitis schraderi Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874
    Dysgonia schraderi Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874
    Dysgonia latizona Butler, 1874

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Wednesday, 18 October 2017

Procession caterpillar

Ochrogaster lunifer THAUMETOPOEINAE NOTODONTIDAE

This is our local procession caterpillar. The larvae are nocturnal feeders usually massed in a web at the base of the tree, and climbing the tree to feed at night. The larval food plant is usually Acacia species, but they have been found on other plant species as well.
This is not a common moth here because we do not have the preferred wattle tree.
They are capable of completely stripping the leaves from a tree and when this happens, they will then sometimes form a long procession line, nose to tail, headed for another tree. Children sometimes lead the front of the line around to the back of the line then forming a circular procession.
These are another one of the moth larvae that, if handled, can cause urticaria. The spines on the caterpillar can break off in the skin causing irritation.



 Family:-  NOTODONTIDAE
Sub Family:- THAUMETOPOEINAE
Genus:- Ochrogaster
Species:- lunifer






This photo was taken at the town of Blackbutt a couple of years ago and is a typical procession. I have never counted the numbers but the lines are often quite long.



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Assara holophragma PHYCITINAE PYRALIDAE  

There is a moth listed on the Butterfly House (http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/moths.html) site as Aurana actiosella which looks very similar to this moth.It may be that one or the other is incorrectly named. The samples of A. actiosella on BOLD Systems suggest that Assara holophragma is the correct name for this moth.



Family:- PYRALIDAE
Sub Family:- PHYCITINAE
Genus:-   Assara
Species:- holophragma



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